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Perl的同时交换多个字符串(Perl replace multiple stri
作者:admin    发布于:2020-05-24   文字:【】【】【

  Is there any way to replace multiple strings in a string?

  For example, I have the string hello world what a lovely day and I want to replace what and lovely with something else..

  $sentence="hello world what a lovely day";

  @list=("what", "lovely"); # strings to replace

  @replist=("its", "bad"); # strings to replace with

  ($val=$sentence)=~ "tr/@list/@replist/d";

  print "$val\n"; # should print "hello world its a bad day"..

  Any ideas why it's not working?

  Thanks.

  First of all, tr doesn't work that way; consult perldoc perlop for details, but tr does transliteration, and is very different from substitution.

  For this purpose, a more correct way to replace would be

  # $val

  $val=~ s/what/its/g;

  $val=~ s/lovely/bad/g;

  Note that "simultaneous" change is rather more difficult, but we could do it, for example,

  %replacements=("what"=> "its", "lovely"=> "bad");

  ($val=$sentence)=~ s/(@{[join "|", keys %replacements]})/$replacements{$1}/g;

  (Escaping may be necessary to replace strings with metacharacters, of course.)

  This is still only simultaneous in a very loose sense of the term, but it does, for most purposes, act as if the substitutions are done in one pass.

  Also, it is more correct to replace "what" with "it's", rather than "its".

  本文地址:IT屋 ? Perl的同时交换多个字符串

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